Express Entry – A new immigration process for Canada
With effect from January 2015, Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) will start newly developed electronic (online) system called Express Entry to manage applications for permanent residence in certain economic programs. In order to streamline skilled shortage in Canada, CIC has new set of standards to immigrate specific skilled manpower. New Express Entry will ensure economic growth and long-term prosperity and fulfill high levels of immigration to meet current and future labour market needs.
To be more specific, Express Entry will cover skilled immigrants under the following federal economic immigration programs:
- the Federal Skilled Worker Program,
- the Federal Skilled Trades Program, and
- the Canadian Experience Class.
Mainly, Express Entry enables provinces and territories more effectively to recruit candidates from it to meet local labour market needs. Moreover, employers will have more effective role under this new system. They will select the most appropriate immigrants meeting their specific needs. They will do this by accessing Canada’s new and improved Job Bank and through provinces and territories where applicable.
Express Entry stream has two steps:
Step 1 – Completing online Express Entry profile
Potential perspective candidates from all over the world will enter their credentials in online Express Entry system in which they will fill information about their skills, work experience, language ability, education, and other details. Express Entry will pool the candidates who meet the criteria of one of the federal economic immigration programs.
This new system will segregate the candidates as per their occupation, education, skills and adaptability and rank them accordingly. Based upon credentials, only the highest-ranked candidates (having best prosperity for economic success of Canada), and those having arranged employment or provincial/territorial nominations, will be invited to apply for visa under respective permanent residence class.
For those candidates having no job offer from a Canadian employer or a provincial/territorial nomination, they must register with the Government of Canada’s Job Bank which will allow them to have close interaction with eligible Canadian employers. On when and as required basis, employers must fulfill the requirement of Labour Market Impact Assessment from Employment and Social Development Canada. Importantly, it has no fee for Labour Market Impact Assessments for permanent residence applications under the Express Entry system.
Completing an online Express Entry profile does not guarantee that a candidate will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence.
Step 2) Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) send invitation to certain candidates to apply for permanent residence.
Selective candidates having top rank in the pool will receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. The selection criteria is their skills and experience. In addition, the candidates who have a valid job offer from a Canadian employer (having Labour Market Impact Assessment) or have been nominated by a province or territory will be given high scores in the ranking system.
After Invitation to Apply (ITA), candidates will have to submit their online application within 60 days for permanent residence through one of the following programs:
- Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP);
- Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP);
- Canadian Experience Class (CEC); or,
- A portion of the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
As the new system is electronic so Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) will process almost all completed applications (i.e. applications including all the necessary supporting documents) within six months or less.
In case, a candidate does not receive a ITA within 12 months of submitting his/her profile then it will become inevitable to resubmit his/her profile every year to become eligible for subsequent year(s). This practice will enable CIC to avoid any backlog and fast application processing.
Due to its nature, Express Entry will help CIC to process cases in faster and more efficient service to immigrate potential skilled manpower. It will also allow the Government of Canada to be more flexible and responsive to Canada’s changing economic conditions and priorities.
Graphically, you can understand it quickly.